IPv6 stands for Internet Protocol Version 6. It is the most recent revision of the Internet Protocol, which provides the standards for Internet datagram transmissions. IPv6 solves some of the limitations of IPv4. IP addresses are used when data packets travel over a network. Each packet has a source and destination address to communicate on the Internet. IPv6 supports data transmissions across multiple IP networks. It provides identification for each network device. IPv6 destination and source addresses are 128 bits in length, in comparison to the 32 bits of information with IPv4. The longer IPv6 addresses were specified to handle the anticipated global demand for unique IP addresses. This 128-bit address base creates a massive address pool. However, the development of IPv6 creates challenges in migrating from the prevalent IP4 to IP6 seamlessly. The evolution to Internet Protocol 6 routing is expected to be a gradual transition to ensure network reliability.

Internet Protocol Version 6 Router Configuring

The sixth version of the IP is used at the network layer of the OSI model. This means that routers configured for Internet Protocol Version 6 can route v6 traffic. The variety of network switches that operate at Layer 2 will not require modifications. Large enterprise routers were some of the first to have IPv6 capabilities. Though the latest IP version was not developed to operate with v4, a dual-stack implementation allows IPv4 and IPv6 protocols to share a network.

IPv6 Features Include Address Generation

In addition to longer IP addresses, the new protocol offers additional enhancements. IPv6 features can facilitate address assignments and improve multicasting processes. It supports auto-configuration and security. IPv6 also allows a host to generate its own IP address and then check it for uniqueness. Protocol specifications can even simplify router packet processing.